General research question: How sexual and gender-based violence against children of the tea garden will be address?
Perspective of Participatory Researcher:
Participatory Researcher (PR) always takes action against the problem coming from the community people, so community people are the main actors to inform the context/problem to the PR.
After identifying and analyzing the problem with the community people, PR and community members will work jointly. Before starting work with the community the community members, researchers must learn everything that can be found out about the community and its members, both historically and sociologically, through available records, interviews, observations, and participation in the life of the community. As the researcher is not an established member of the community, he or she must be a committed participant and be accepted by the community. Because a transparent relationship is needed while working with any sort of sensitive issues. Responsibility, trust and power are the main principles while making this kind of agreement with community people.
PR will formulate a small research group with the support of the community people. PR will explain the purpose of the research and will begin to identify and solicit help from key persons of the children’s life who will play an active role in the execution of the project. In this process, the PR will act as a discussion organizer and facilitator and as a technical resource person to know the dynamics/ types of sexual and gender based violence in their community.
This group will prepare an action plan and part of this process they will prepare a research design. PR will contact members of the community, activate their interest in the problem to be dealt with by action-driven research, and helps to organize community meetings where the relevant research issues would be discussed. This initial phase of organizing the project will take considerable time and effort. Good interpersonal skill and capability to understand the situation are necessary for making PR trust worthy to the community people.
Joint data analysis will be taken by the active involvement of the children, community group members. Through dialogue, people will come together and participate in all the crucial aspects of the investigation, educational and collective action. Dialogue will help people to identify the problems and to find the solution of the problems for the betterment of the children.
In this part, PR along with community members will arrange a finding sharing session. After sharing the true evidences, community partnerships will be developed. PR will create an authentic and mutual relationship to develop a plan to aware and motivate children and community people. The role of the PR in this process will not only to facilitate learning but also to learn from the participants. PR will ensure active involvement of the community people.
For better implementation of the planned activities PR and community people will be able to change the existing activities with proper discussion, exchange dialogue and logical explanation of community people. Here PR will not impose his or her ideas and thought to the community people.
Perspective of a Classical Social Scientist:
Classical Social Scientist (CSS) is the only actor to choice the problem and issue for researching. CSS will conduct the research for some institute, professional, donor perspective and his or her personal interests. He or she will never consider the feelings and problem face by the community people to deal with sexual and gender based violence. CSS will observe the situation and sense the problem. CSS will not try to know exactly what is happening, but CSS should definitely sense that things are not going as smoothly as they should be.
Once CSS becomes aware of what is happening with the children in the community, she/he would then focus on the problem. A research problem should be specific, as without a focused definition of the problem, data tends to be irrelevant, expensive and confusing.
Once the problem will identify, the CSS will carefully examines the earlier studies, to see if any are similar to the study in hand. It will help to integrate information locally, so that reason for the problem can be conceptualized. This will help to develop a theoretical framework. This step essentially involves a review of related literature. It will familiarize the CSS with what is already known and considers what is still unknown and untested.
The researcher will develop a hypothesis, which will be drawn from the theoretical framework.
CSS will control the overall research design and there is no mutual agreement between CSS and community people. Here CSS will make the plan, structure and strategy for conducting research. It will describe the general framework for collecting, analyzing and evaluating data. It will help to obtain answers to research questions and to control variance. It will enable the researcher to answer research questions about validity, as objectively, accurately and economically as possible. Design should be carefully worked out to yield dependable and valid answers to the research questions. A research team will be formulated under the leadership of CSS. After completing the task a piloting will be conducted for finalizing research methodology and tools.
CSS will do statistical analysis of data that will be collected, edited, coded and tabulated. Data will be analyzed, categorized, ordered, manipulated and summarized to obtain answers of the research questions. Different statistical techniques will use at this stage. CSS will interpret the result after completion of data analysis. She /he will make inference to the research relation.
Finally, the researcher will prepare the report of the research conducted. The objective for preparing the report will be to inform findings to the agencies, donor and readers. CSS will not share the report with community members.
Perspective of Participatory Researcher:
The finding and result of the research will be share with the community people. PR will establish a rapport with the community members to make them cooperate in the research process. By building a trust worthy situation, PR will involve community members and the children to act as active participants. Since from the beginning children and the community members are involved in the research process that’s why they will own the research result and findings.
New knowledge will be created through the active participation of the children and community people. They will more open to seek new information and to understand the context of concrete problems of children’s lives. Community members will be motivated by the result of the research and they will able to use this result to deal with the children if they see its relevance in addressing sexual and gender based violence inside the family and the community.
People will learn to exercise control over power, their own life and resource. The active participation of ordinary people in generating their own knowledge will be emphasized by the PR, which will help them to take responsibility to implement activities in the community.
Community members will disseminate new knowledge and information to combat sexual and gender based violence inside the community. They will not use their Knowledge, responsibility, trust and power in negative way. Children of the community will enjoy a fearless environment, as they will get the scope to inform their learning and share their problem to the adult. Community members will feel an ownership towards their children.
A sense of empowerment will be created among the community members and children, as the process will give the opportunity to involve them into the social setting. Through this process, community members along with the children will provide their different opinion and feel free to participate in any sort of community actions. As a part of the process of the data analysis, options will be debated on the basis of concrete information. As a result, community members and children will able to accept and reject options on an informed basis. After increasing knowledge on research issues community members and children will able to perform to the decision making process.
Self-confidence of the community members will be enhanced and increased their ability to take collective initiatives in their common interest.
Perspective of Classical Social Scientist ( CSS):
The recommendations and findings may or may not reach to community members and children. The findings and result will share with the policy makers, different agencies, donor and professionals.
Respondents and local community members will not own the findings of the research. Therefore, community members will not show their interest to take any collective measure in their common interest.
They will be referred only for their participation and will treat as passive information providers.